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Haidar Pasha Cemetery

The Haidar Pasha cemetery is located in the Haidar Pasha area, a district  on the Asiatic side of Istanbul, between Scutari (Üsküdar) and Kadiköy. This cemetery located on the heights near the Sea of Marmara, was established for the English soldiers who died mostly due to a cholera epidemic at the military hospital established by Florence Nightingale.  Around 6,000 soldiers died during the war in the Selimiye Barracks (Scutari Barracks, Barracks hospital).
  ​
Painted by William Simpson, this picture shows the early period of the cemetery and all manner of graves from simple crosses to elaborate stone vaults. You can also see a funeral approaching from the right whilst the gravediggers are obviously muslims praying toward mecca. The Barracks hospital can clearly be seen in the background.

The cemetery holds also graves of Commonwealth soldiers from the two World Wars, and civilians of British nationality who died in Istanbul.

The land forming this cemetery consisted of two separate parcels and was donated by the Ottoman Government to the British Government in 1855. A second land was granted made in 1867 to connect the two separate lands. 1867 the cemetery was made available for British civilian burials, and there is a separate section for such graves. 

 
The plan of the Haidar Pasha cemetery
 
The entrance of the cemetery
 
On the columns of the door there are two inscriptions, one in English and the other in Turkish

The first monument you can see near the entrance gate is the German-Jäger memorial. It’s a symbolic broken column in memory for members of the British German Legion who fell in the Crimea.
 
Front side of the memorial
 
 
The double-headed eagle or double-eagle served as the coat of arms of the German Confederation between 1848 and 1866.
The coat of arms of the German Confederation between 1848 and 1866
The back side of the memorial
 
Jäger is a German military term that originally referred to light infantry, but has come to have wider usage.

While it may be literally translated as "hunter", in German-speaking states during the early modern era, the term Jäger was used to describe skirmishers, sharpshooters and runners.

Jäger, in its original sense of light infantry, is usually translated into English as: rifleman.

The British German Legion (or Anglo-German Legion) was a group of German soldiers recruited to fight for Britain in the Crimean War.

The leader of the legion was Major General Richard von Stutterheim.

It was disbanded November 1856, having seen little or no military action due to the war having ended. Facing difficulties in repatriation by having served a foreign country, most of members of the legion were resettled in the Eastern Cape Colony, in South Africa.

A little further there is Sir Edward Barton stone. Sir Edward Barton (1562 – 18 January1597) was Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, appointed by Queen Elizabeth I of England.

Barton went to Istanbul in 1578 as secretary to William Harborne, the founder of the English embassy in the city, . In 1588 when Harborne returned to England he was appointed by Queen Elizabeth I, to succeed him,. By this time he was fluent in Turkish and well respected in the Sublime Porte.

This was a time of war between England and Spain, and Barton was charged with trying to obtain the support of the Ottomans in this struggle, while of course working to defend English commercial interests by for example trying to persuade
the Porte to prevent Florence from trading in cloth in Ottoman territory.

In 1596 Barton accompanied Sultan Mehmet III in his campaign against Hungary and was present at the siege of Eger.
He spent his last days in Heybeliada (Chalki), one of the Prince’s islands,  in order to escape the plague raging through the city in 1596. He was buried there, in the cemetery of the Christian church.

After a while his tombstone was displaced and put over the door of the monastery, until Lord Strangford (English ambassador in Turkey between 1820 and 1824) ordered it to be taken down  and put it back in its place in the cemetery. His grave was later removed to the British Haidar Pasha Cemetery. 

 
In a 19th century engraving we see the tombstone of Edward Barton, placed at the top of the door of the Panaia monastery
 
The tombstone of Edward Barton
            EDUARDO BARTON                                                                      
              ILLUSTRISSIMO SERENISSIMO
              ANGLORUM REGINAE ORATORI
              VIRO PRAESTANTISSIMO
              QUI POST REDITUM
              A BELLO UNGARICO
              QUO CUM INVICTO TURCORUM IMPARATORE    
              PROFECTUS FUERAT DIEM OBIIT
              AETATIS ANNO XXXV SALUTIS VERUM
              ANNO MDXCVII  XVIII CALENDIS IANNUAR
                      
          ​ ​
    









After walking a few steps you can see the most sumptuous monument of the cemetery: The Crimean war memorial or known at the time as the Scutari Monument.
 
 
 
This memorial was erected in 1857 by Queen Victoria (1819 –1901) within the cemetery to commemorate the British soldiers of the Crimean War. French sculptor Baron Carlo Marochetti (1805 -1867) designed it in the fashionable Egyptian style of the time, and his work was unveiled with a great ceremony at the Peace Fête of May 1856, held at the Crystal Palace at Sydenham, to mark the end of the Crimean War. The inauguration took place in the presence of the Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, with military bands, the Crystal Palace band and 12,000 visitors in attendance. However, the war memorial came in for a good deal of criticism, partly because of its cost: £17,500.
 
A watercolour of John Tenniel shows the inauguration on 9 May 1856 of a full-sized model
of the Scutari Monument and the equestrian statue of Richard I.
Both are the works of Baron Marochetti

The memorial is composed  of a square plinth surmounted by an obelisk made of the famous Aberdeen granite. The plinth has 2.5m width and 7m height. At each corner of the upper part of the base, there is an angel statue symbolizing victory, each wearing a palm frond and a crown, and serving as caryatids to support a canopy. The total height of the monument is 28 meters.

I think these four angels represent the four countries (Ottoman Empire, United Kingdom, France and the Kingdom of Sardinia) that made the alliance and won the victory against Russia.                                                                                      


                                                                                                                                      
One of the four angels,
as shown in the Illustrated London News 
of 17 May 1856, p. 525. 
 
             

































Between the statues of the angels, on the facades of the base there are 4 plaques written in 4 different languages: English, French, Italian and old Turkish.
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
“TO THE MEMORY OF THE OFFICERS AND MEN OF THE BRITISH ARMY AND NAVY WHO IN THE WAR AGAINST RUSSIA IN 1854, 1855 AND 1856, DIED FOR THEIR COUNTRY THIS MONUMENT WAS RAISED BY QUEEN VICTORIA AND HER PEOPLE 1857”
 
A bronze plaque, attached by the British community in Turkey on the plinth of the Crimean Memorial and unveiled on Empire Day, 1954 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Florence Nightingale’s nursing service in this region.
 
 
TO FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE WHOSE WORK NEAR
THIS CEMETERY A CENTURY AGO RELIEVED
MUCH HUMAN SUFFERING AND LAID THE
FOUNDATION FOR THE NURSING PROFESSİON

     1854                              1954   

THIS TABLET CAST IN THE CORONATION YEAR OF
HER MAJESTY QUEEN ELIZABETH II. HAS BEEN RAISED BY THE
BRITISH COMMUNITY IN TURKEY IN HER MEMORY.            

In the middle of the facades of the canopy there is a coat of arms with a sentence in French around it.
 
 
 
Honi soit qui mal y pense is a French maxim used as the motto of the British chivalric Order of the Garter.

These words were first uttered by England's King Edward III in the 14th century. At that time, he reigned over a part of France. The language spoken at the English court among the aristocracy and clergy and in courts of law was Norman French.

Around 1348, King Edward III founded the Chivalric Order of the Garter, which today is the highest order of chivalry and the third most prestigious honor awarded in Britain. It is not known with certainty why this name was chosen for the order.

According to historian Elias Ashmole, the Garter is founded on the idea that as King Edward III prepared for the Battle of Crécy during the Hundred Years' War, he gave "forth his own garter as the signal." The well-equipped British army proceeded to vanquish an army of thousands of knights under French King Philip VI in this decisive battle in Normandy.

According to Polydore Virgile, the young Jeanne de Kent, Countess of Salisbury - the king's favorite at the time - accidentally dropped her garter when she was dancing with the King during  a ball in Calais. King Edward III of England responded to the crowd who smiled by tying the garter to his own knee and by saying in Middle French “Messires "Honi soit qui mal y pense. Tel qui s'en rit aujourd'hui, s'honorera de la porter, car ce ruban sera mis en tel honneur que les railleurs le chercheront avec empressement" ("Shame on him who thinks evil of it. Those who laugh at this today will be proud to wear it tomorrow because this band will be worn with such honor that those mocking now will be looking for it with much eagerness"). 

He promised his favorite to make this blue ribbon a badge so prestigious and desired that the most proud or ambitious courtiers would consider themselves more than happy to wear it. He thus created the order of the Garter (Most Noble Order of the Garter) which is the highest of the British orders of chivalry, April 23, 1348, in the midst of the Hundred Years War.

Nowadays, this expression could be used to say "Shame on the one who sees something bad in it." 

The royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom, or simply the royal coat of arms, are the official coat of arms of the British monarch, at the time it was Queen Victoria and currently Queen Elizabeth II.

As part of the royal arms, the motto is displayed in many public buildings in Britain and colonial era public buildings in various parts of the Commonwealth (such as all Courts of England and Wales). The royal arms appear on many British government official documents (e.g. the front of current British passports)and are used by other entities so distinguished by the British monarch.

A little further at the right we see Nicolas O’Conor memorial chapel.


 

 
Nicolas O’Conor memorial chapel.
 
 
The interior of the chapel
 
Above the door there is an inscription in Latin
NICOLAUS RODERICUS O'CONOR, BRITISH AMBASSADOR TO THE
OTTOMAN EMPIRE, DIED ON MARCH 19, 1908
 
In the pediment of the chapel there is a symbol known as christogram.

A christogram is a monogram or combination of letters that forms an abbreviation for the name of Jesus Christ, traditionally used as a religious symbol within the Christian Church.

Chi-Rho is one of the first forms of christogram, formed by superimposing the first two letters (capital letters) - chi and rho (ΧΡ) - of the Greek word ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ (Christos) in such a way that the vertical line of rho cuts the center of chi.
The Chi-Rho symbol

Alpha (Α or α) and omega (Ω or ω) are the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, and a title of Christ and God in the book of Revelation. This pair of letters is used as a Christian symbol.
 
Christogram, with the letters "alpha" and "omega"

The term Alpha and Omega comes from the phrase "I am Alpha and Omega", an appellation of Jesus.

This phrase is interpreted by many Christians to mean that Jesus has existed for all eternity or that God is eternal. Most Christian denominations also teach that the title applies to both Jesus and his Father.


Sir Nicholas Roderick O'Conor GCB GCMG PC (1843 – 19 March 1908) was an Anglo-Irish diplomat. When he died, he was the British Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire.

O'Conor entered the diplomatic service in 1866. In his early years, he was attached to the Embassy in Berlin, achieving the rank of Third Secretary in 1870. He served as Secretary at the Hague, Madrid. Rio de Janeiro, and Paris. He was Secretary and Chargé d'Affaires at Peking and Washington, Political Agent and Consul-General in Bulgaria.
 
O'Conor's first ministerial appointment was at the British Legation at Peking.
  • 1892: In Seoul, O'Conor was the British Minister to the Empire of Korea.
  • 1895: In St. Petersburg, he was Ambassador of His Britannic Majesty in the Imperial court of the Russian Czar.
  • 1896, O'Conor was made a Privy Counsellor. (The Privvy Council of the United Kingdom is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom).
  • 1898: In Istanbul, he was Ambassador to the Court of the Sublime Porte of the Ottoman Empire. 
O'Conor died in Istanbul following hemorrhage of the stomach. He was the second British Ambassador to die in post in Turkey since Sir Edward Barton, Ambassador of Queen Elizabeth I to Sultan Mehmet III, died in 1597 at Heybeliada (Chalki, one of the Prince’s islands).
  • GCB : Knight Grand Cross (a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725).
  • GCMG : The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (GCMG) (a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, King George III).
  • PC : Privy Council
Nicholas Roderick O'Conor
Ambassador  in St. Petersburg, 1895 - 1898


Another monument is “Therapia burials and Memorial” which was erected in 1855 initially in the Therapia Crimean Cemetery (Therapia is in the European part of Bosphorus), and later transferred here together with the graves of 18 personnel of the Royal Navy and Royal Marines who died in the sultan’s mansion in Therapia, which had been converted into a military hospital.  Today, at this mansion’s place there is  the summer residence of the German Embassy.
 
TO THE MEMORY OF
THE OFFICERS AND MEN OF THE ROYAL NAVY MARINES AND BURIED
AT THERAPIA
ERECTED BY THEIR COUNTRYWOMEN
A.D. 1855
Summer residence of the German embassy in Therapia was built in the place of the Sultan's mansion.
Sultan's mansion was used as British Naval Hospital during the Crimean war.


Buried in special plots are some 450 Commonwealth war dead of both World Wars. The war graves plot contains 407 Commonwealth burials of the First World War, 60 of them unidentified. Most were prisoners of war died in Turkey.
 
Haidar Pasha Memorial
Haidar Pasha Memorial Commemorating soldiers who died in World War I 
 
Pedestal markers of First World War military graves in the cemetery
 
Linear layout of soldiers’ graves who died in WW1
 
During the Second World War, Turkey retained her neutrality and those Commonwealth servicemen buried there were mainly men taken prisoner during operations in the Aegean, who died while attempting to escape from camps where they awaited transport to Germany and Italy, and whose bodies were washed up on the Turkish coast. Second World War burials number is 39, 14 of them unidentified.
 
Within the war graves plot stands the Haidar Pasha Cremation Memorial, commemorating 122 soldiers of the Indian Army who died in 1919 and 1920 and who were originally commemorated at Maslak and Osmanie cemeteries. In 1961 when these cemeteries could no longer be maintained, the ashes of the Hindus, were scattered near this memorial, while the remains of their comrades of the Muslim faith were brought here and reinterred.
 
Haidar Pasha Cremation Memorial
 
Haidar Pasha Cremation Memorial (Central part)
Haidar Pasha Cremation Memorial (Right part)
 
Haidar Pasha Cremation Memorial (Left part)

An Addenda panel was later added perpendicularly at each side of the HAIDAR PASHA MEMORIAL to commemorate the Dunsterforce officers and soldiers who are buried in cemeteries in South Russia and Transcaucasian Republics during the Russian civil war, whose graves can no longer be maintained.

Established in December 1917, Dunsterforce was an Allied military force named after its commander, General Lionel Dunsterville. The force had fewer than 350 Australian, New Zealand, British and Canadian officers , who were drawn from the Western and Mesopotamian fronts. The force was intended to organise local units in northern Iran (Persia) and southern Caucasus, to replace the Tsarist armies that had fought the Ottoman armies in the east of the Turkey.
 
 

TO THE GLORY OF GOD AND IN MEMORY OF THESE OFFICERS AND MEN OF DUNSTERFORCE
THE ARMY OF THE BLACK SEA AND THE MILITARY MISSION WITH THE VOLUNTEER ARMY
WHO ARE BURIED IN SOUTH RUSSIA AND THE TRANSCAUCASIAN REPUBLICS
THEIR GLORY SHALL NOT BE BLOTTED OUT
 
 

The war graves plot also contains the  a MEMORIAL, which was erected to commemorate more than 30 Commonwealth servicemen of the First World War who died fighting in South Russia, Georgia and Azerbaijan, and in post Armistice operations in Russia and Transcaucasia, whose graves are not known.
 
 
Here are recorded by the nations of the British Empire, the names of thirty officers and men of their armed forces
who died in the borderlands of Russia and Turkey in the latter days of the Great War and have no known grave

The war graves plot also contains the Gordon Highlander MEMORIAL, which was erected to commemorate the Gordon Highlanders who lost their lives in Turkey.
 


 
 
The Gordon Highlanders was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed for 113 years, from 1881 until 1994. The regiment takes its name from the Clan Gordon, located mainly in the north-east of Scotland, especially around Aberdeen.
 
In a book describing this period of war, it is said that in the military hospitals (the English General Hospital - today Sultan Abdulhamid Khan Hospital and in the Selimiye barracks hospital) there were everyday 50-60 deaths. The corpses of these soldiers and officers were crowded into the open graves (the mass grave) at the Haidar Pasha cemetery at four o'clock in the afternoon. In the same book, it is also stated that the bodies of the dead officers are buried one by one and wooden plates are placed on their graves.

The mass grave where 6000 soldiers are buried is at the end of the cemetery.

 
There are three columns marking the border of the mass grave.
This is the first one
 
The pedestal of the column
 
     The other two columns.
Beyond the columns is the mass grave.

 The mass grave.

The mass grave

The mass grave seen from the opposite side

 
The maintenance of this cemetery is supervised from The Commonwealth War Graves Commision (CWGC) of Turkey.

Haidar Pasa cemetery Crimean War Period Graves (in alphabetical order)


01) Abernethey Henry       
02) Anderson David             
03) Bailes John          
             
04) Barnes Sophia 
05) Beck Charles Henry      
06) Binns Kirby Eustace      
07) Bruce John        
08) Burton Archer                 
09) Byrne Felim Patrick      
10) Campbell  Pitcairn William   
11) Campbell William Richard Newport   
12) Champion  J.G    
13) Cochran James Inclis    
14) Colvill William Robert     
15) Complin Edward John
16) Cooper J                            
17) Craweurd Payne R  H    
18) Derriman Edward Harris 
19) Dewar Robert Malcolmb

20) Finnerty F.S. Mary
21) Glazbrook C.S
22) Hamilton Alex
23) Hamilton Baillie Henry  
24) Harriott Hugh Charles     
25) Harrison Nathaniel Evanson 
26) Hichens John 
27) Hodgkins Thomas 
28) Horn Matthew Thomas  
29) Hughes Henry George 
30) Johnson Francis
31) Lichfield P Frederick
32) Lulwell John Hening M
33) Lyons Moubray Edmund
34) Macartney A Frederick     
35) Macesy V
36) Marks Mary  
37) Mayne   
38) Milligan George
39) Moore Charlotte    
40) Morgan Thomas Kyd
41) Neville Grey
42) Nolloth Charles
43) Parker Hyde 
44) Pattison John
45) Platt Arthur Ferdinand
46) Platt Charles 

47) Proctor George Henry
48) Reade G Hume   
49) Seager Edward
50) Sharp JB     
51) Simons R  
52) Singer Henry Crofton
53) Smith H. E.  
54) Smyth Harry
55) Somerville William
56) Struthers Alexander
57) Thisfleth Arthur   
58) Towsend Henry  
59) Waldegrave  Frederick William
60) Walford Sophia    
61) Wall Terrence H 
62) Ward Lucas
63) Whilfeld  John Henry
64) Wigh Henry Arthur
65) Wishart James A  
66) Wolrice R George
  


01) Abernethey Henry  

 
 
Sacred to the memory of Henry Abernethey native of Wexford Ireland , stoker Great Britain steam ship
who depated this life 17th July 1855, aged 50 years.


02) Anderson David    
 
TO THE MEMORY OF DAVID ANDERSON STAFF ASSISTANT SURGEON NATIVE OF DUMFRIES
Who died at Scutari of cholera on 4th November 1854 AGED       YEARS

03) Bailes John   
 
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF SERJT JOHN BAILES, 33RD REGIMENT WHO DIED AT THE GENERAL HOSPITAL
16TH NOVR 1855 AGED 39 YEARS- BLESSED ARE THE DEAD THAT DIE IN THE LORD


04) Barnes Sophia 
 
SOPHIA BARNES, NURSE 1855

05) Beck Charles Henry   
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF CHARLES HENRY BECK  LIEU 23 ROYAL WELSH FUSILEERS WHO DIED
29TH SEPT 1855 OF WOUNDS RECEIVED 8TH SEPT 1855 AT THE ASSAULT ON THE REDAN, SEBASTAPOL
AGED 19 YEARS. THIS STONE IS PLACED BY HIS BROTHER OFFICERS.

06) Binns Kirby Eustace    
Sacred To The MEMORY OF EUSTACE KIRBY BINNS. Son of M. Ja Binns Merchant Of the City
Who died June 20 1855 Aged 2 years and 8 months. Suffer me to come to Thee
  
07) Bruce John    
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF PRIVATE JOHN BRUCE 13TH LIGHT DRAGOONS WHO DEPARTED
THIS LIFE THE 9TH MARCH 1855, AGED 33 YEARS. ERECTED BY HIS AFFECTIONATE WIFE
    
08) Burton Archer   
SACRED of the MEMORY of MAJOR ARCHER BURTON Assistant Quarter Master General of the Cavalry Division, of the Turkish Forces. Assistant Quarter Master General of the Cavalry Division. Turkish Contingent Force, who expired in the prime of life at the Cavalry Camp near Büyükdere October 4 A.D. 1855. He served with distinction in Her Majesty's, 3rd (Kings Own) Light Dragoons and was present at the Battles of Moodkee - Ferozeshah and Sobraon during the first campaign against Sikhs. This monument is erected by the officers of the Cavalry Division to the memory of gallant Soldier and a lamented friend
              
09) Byrne Felim Patrick  
BORN IN THE CONNAUGHT RANGERS. DIED AUGUST 16TH 1855, AGED 7 MONTH- REQUIESCANT IN PACE    
    
10) Campbell  Pitcairn William   
DEDICATED BY HIS BROTHER OFFICERS TO THE MEMORY OF WILLIAM PITCAIRN CAMPBELL, AGED 30, MAJOR 23TH ROYAL WELSH FUSILEERS, WOUNDED ON THE ALMA WAS APPOINTED A STAFF OFFICER AT SCUTARI AND DIED THERE OF FEVER, MARCH 22ND 1855. A CHRISTIAN SOLDIER FINDING COMFORT IN DEATH FROM THESE ASSURING WORDS OF THE SAVIOUR
IN WHOM HE TRUSTED. COME UNTO ME, ALL YE THAT LABOR AND ARE HEAVY LADEN, AND I WILL GIVE YOU REST.
MATH 11TH CHAP. 28TH VERSE
11) Campbell William Richard Newport   
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM R.N. CAMPBELL  OF THE 5TH DRAGOON GUARDS
WHO DIED AT SCUTARI ON THE 23RD DECEMBER 1854

12) Champion  J.G  
Sacred To the memory of Lt. Colonel J. G. Champion 95th Reg. who died at Scutari Hospital on the 30th November 1854
 from an                    while gallantly commanding his Regimt at the Battle of Inkerman on the 5th Novr
  
13) Cochran James Inclis   
SACRED To The Memory of JAMES INCLIS COCHRAN of the Commissariat Staff
who Died on the 20 Dec. 1855 aged 25 yrs.
 
14) Colvill William Robert   
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF MAJOR ROBERT WILLIAM COLVILL, YIELDING TO THE SEVERITY OF A WINTER CAMPAIGN WITH THE ALLIED ARMY BEFORE SEVASTOPOL, HE DIED IN THE PASSAGE FROM BALAKLAVA TO THE HOSPITAL AT SCUTARI
ON 2 JAN 1855, AGED 42 YEARS, CHEERFULLY TERMINATING HIS LIFE IN HIS COUNTRY’S SERVICE -  A BEREAVED AND SORROWING SISTER HAS ERECTED THIS TOMB AS A FAINT MEMORIAL OF HIS PRIVATE WORTH AND EXCELLENCE.
  
15) Complin Edward John
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF EDWARD JOHN COMPLIN, CIVIL ASSISTANT SURGEON ATTACHED TO THE BRITISH ARMY IN THE CRIMEA, WHO DIED DEEPLY LAMENTED OCT 29TH 1855. AGED 25 YEARS – BLESSED ARE THE DEAD WHO DIE IN THE LORD


16) Cooper J   
SACRED TO THE MEMORY SERJ. J. COOPER 33rd REG. WHO DEPED THIS LIFE 19TH JULY 1855 IN THE 26TH YEAR OF HIS AGE.  THIS TOMB IS ERECTED BY HIS BROTHER NON-COMM. OFFICERS AS A MARK OF ESTEEM AND RESPECT TOWARDS HIM D.A.T
                        
17) Craweurd Payne R  H   
S. M.  RH PAYNE CRAWEURD, CAPTAIN H. B. M XG REG., DIED AT SCUTARI FEB. 24 1855

 18) Derriman Edward Harris 
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF EDWARD HARRIS DERRIMAN MD, SURGEON OF THE ROYAL MARINE BRIGADE AT BALACLAVA WHO DIED AT THERAPIA HOSPITAL OCT 5 1855, AGED 40. HE BELIEVED THAT JESUS HAS THE WAY, THE TRUTH AND THE LIFE

19) Dewar Robert Malcolmb
IN MEMORY OF ROBERT MALCOLM DEWAR, YOUNGEST SON OF JAMES DEWAR, ESQ of N.6 Charles Street, Lowndes Square, LONDON, NAVAL CADET OF HMS VULTURE WHO departed this LIFE off BALACLAVA on the 24th Day of November 1856, AGED 15 YEARS. Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord.

20) Finnerty F.S. Mary
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF MARY F. S. FINNERTY Daughter of Lieut C. Finnerty 17th Regiment
Who died at Scutari 7th SEPTEMBER 1855 AGED 6 MONTHS

21) Glazbrook C.S
MAJ. C. S. GLAZBROOK, 19TH REG OF FOOT DIED AT SCUTARI, THE 18TH DECEMBER 1854 OF
WOUNDS RECEIVED BEFORE SEBASTOPOL ON THE 17TH NOV 1854

22) Hamilton Alex
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF ALEX HAMILTON SERG. R.A. WHO DIED OF CHOLERA ON THE
20TH OF NOVEMBER 1855 AGED 31 YEARS BELOVED BY ALL WHO KNEW HIM.
THIS STONE WAS ERECTED BY HIS AFFECTIONATE WIFE WHO IS LEFT TO LAMENT HIS LOSS

23) Hamilton Baillie Henry  
BENEATH REST THE REMAINS OF HENRY BAILLIE HAMILTON, NAVAL CADET OF H.B.M.S. AGAMEMNON, WHO DIED AT
THERAPIA 19TH  JUNE 1854 AGED 14 YEARS “WHAT I DO THOU KNOWEST NOT NOW, BUT THOU SHALT KNOW HEREAFTER‟

24) Harriott Hugh Charles   
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF LIEUT. HUGH CHARLES HARRIOTT who died at Scutari
on the 8TH DECEMBER 1854 (The next lines are illegible)
  
25) Harrison Nathaniel Evanson 
TO THE MEMORY OF NATHANIEL EVANSON HARRISON LT COLONEL COMM. R.A. 4TH DIVISION OF THE BRITISH ARMY BEFORE SEBASTOPOL DIED 12TH AUGUST 1855 AGED 42 YEARS. DEEPLY REGRETTED BY ALL WHO KNEW HIS MANLY AND CHRISTIAN CHARACTER AND BY THE SERVICE TO WHICH HE BELONGED. FIGHT THE GOOD FIGHT.  IST TIMOTHY 6 CH. 12 V

26) Hichens John 
TO THE MEMORY OF JOHN HICHENS ESQ ASSISTANT SURGEON RN Who was accidentally drowned in
BUYUKDERE BAY On the 6th November 1856. “Boast not thyself to mourn for thou, knowest not what a 
day bring forth  Proverbs XXVII 1st verse‟ This stone is erected by the captain and officers of HMS SPHINX

27) Hodgkins Thomas 
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF CAPTN THOS HODGKINS WHO DEPARTED
THIS LIFE APRIL 28TH 1855 AGED 31 YEARS

28) Horn Matthew Thomas  
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF THOMAS MATTHEW HORN, OFFICER OF THE STEAM SHIP ADELAIDE DIED 18 MARCH 1855 OF FEVER TAKEN WHILST IN DISCHARGE OF HIS DUTY ON A VOYAGE FROM THE CRIMEA WITH INVALIDS AGED 35 YEARS

29) Hughes Henry George 
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF GEORGE HENRY HUGHES CAPTAIN 23 ROYAL WELSH FUSILLERS (2 lines illegible)
SEBASTOPOL (one line illegible) died at Constantinople 11th DECEMBER 1854 Aged 28 Years

30) Johnson Francis
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF TRUMPET MAJOR FRANCIS JOHNSON, 12TH ROYAL LANCERS, WHO
DEPARTED THIS LIFE ON THE 22ND DEC 1855 IN THE 35TH YEAR OF HIS AGE. THIS STONE WAS ERECTED
BY THE NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS OF THE 13TH LIGHT-DRAGOONS AS A MARK OF RESPECT

31) Lichfield P Frederick
Sacred to the memory of P. Frederick Lichfield 49th Reg who departed this life on 2 April 1855
aged 27 years - This tablet was erected by his beloved and affectionate wife

32) Lulwell John Hening M
John Hening M. Lulwell of Peterborough, England. Born March 15 1832, died September 2 1855
33) Lyons Moubray Edmund
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF EDMUND MOUBRAY LYONS ESQUIRE, CAPTAIN IN HER BRITANNIC MAJESTY’S NAVY (SECOND SON OF ADMIRAL SIR EDMUND LYONS BARONET GCB COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE BRITISH FLEET IN THE BLACK SEA) WHO DIED AT THERAPIA ON THE 25 OF JUNE 1855 AGED 36 YEARS HAVING BEEN MORTALLY WOUNDED ON THE 17 OF THE SAME MONTH IN A NIGHT ATTACK ON THE SEA DEFENCES OF SEVASTOPOL WHILE COMMANDING HER MAJESTY’S STEAM FRIGATE MIRANDA IN WHICH SHIP AS THE SENIOR OFFICER OF A BRITISH AND FRENCH FORCE IN THE SEA OF AZOF, HE HAD JUST ACHIEVED A SERIES OF BRILLIANT AND MOST IMPORTANT SUCCESSES.
              
  CUT OFF IN THE PRIME OF LIFE, THE PATH OF THE HIGHEST EARTHLY HONORS OPENING BEFORE HIM HE DIED AS A HERO AND CHRISTIAN SHOULD DIE.
               
THE OFFICERS AND SHIPS COMPANY OF THE MIRANDA HAVING PLACED A MEMORIAL OF THE LOVE AND RESPECT THEY BORE THEIR CAPTAIN IN ST. PAUL’S CATHEDRAL, LONDON - THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED BY HIS BROTHER OFFICERS AND FRIENDS IN THE BLACK SEA FLEET TO MARK THE LAST RESTING PLACE OF ONE WHOSE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE VIRTUES CALLED FORTH THEIR ADMIRATION AND AFFECTION.

34) Macartney A Frederick    
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF FREDERICK A. MACARTNEY, staff assistant Surgeon
WHO DIED AT SCUTARI FEBRUARY 12th 1855 AGED 22 YEARS.
 
35) Macesy V
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF V. MACKESY ESQR 63RD REGT  SON OF J L MACKESY MD OF WATERFORD,
WHO DIED ON THE 7TH MARCH 1855 AGED 24 YEARS. HE WAS A ZEALOUS SOLDIER AND DEEPLY
REGRETED BY THE OFFICERS AND MEN OF HIS CORPS

36) Marks Mary  
To the memory of Mary Marks, Nurse died at the Palace Hospital Scutari Oct 8 1855, aged 47

37) Mayne 
  
38) Milligan George
In Memoria. Beneath are the remains of Capt GEORGE MILLIGAN of the Bengal Artilery who died in Camp
at Demirtchiköi 24th June 1855, whilst filling the Post of Artilery, Brigade Major the Turkish Contingent
of the British Army. His brother officers and a few friends have raised this stone

39) Moore Charlotte   
Died at the Palace Hospital, CHARLOTTE MOORE, Hydar Pasha 22 Nov 1855
 
40) Morgan Thomas Kyd
Sacred To the MEMORY of THOMAS KYD MORGAN Lieutenant H. M. 63rd Reg. Second Son of James Morgan
of the City of Edinburgh IN SCOTLAND who DIED at Scutari 11th Decr 1854 of Wounds received in the Battle
of INKERMANN AGED 19. Erected by an affectionate mother in commemoration of a most dearly loved son

41) Neville Grey
SACRED TO THE MEMORY of Honourable GREY NEVILL 5th Dragoon Guards, Youngest Son of Lord Braybrooke
DIED at Scutari Nov 1854 of wounds received at Balaklava on 25th Octr 1854, AGED 24 YEARS surviving by only six days
his Brother The Honble HENRY NEVILL, Grenadier Guards, killed at Inkermann 5th Novr 1854.
To the dearly and early sorrowing family inscribe this stone

42) Nolloth Charles
SACRED TO THE MEMORY of Charles Nolloth Lieut. RN LATE OF H.M.S. ALBION WHO DIED AT THE
ROYAL NAVAL HOSPITAL THERAPIA ON THE 7th DAY OF JANUARY 1855, AGED 59 YEARS

43) Parker Hyde 
CAPTAIN HYDE PARKER HBM STEAM FRIGATE FIREBRAND 8th JULY 1854 
REMOVED TO THIS SPOT FROM PERA 9 NOVEMBER 1863

44) Pattison John
Sacred to the Memory OF JOHN PATTISON LATE SECOND ENGINEER OF THE STEAM SHIP ANDES IN THE TRANSPORT SERVICE. BORN AT CATHCART(Scotland) 12th OCTOBER 1822 DIED AT SCUTARI 30th DECEMBER 1855.

This Stone marks the place where poor PATTISON lies
Near this he resigned his last breath
To heavy affliction he had to comply
And yield to the arrow of Death

THIS STONE WAS ERECTED BY HIS SHIPMATES AND OTHERS OF THE CUNARD SERVICE
AS AN APPRECIATION OF HIS WORTH AND ABILITY

45) Platt Arthur Ferdinand
ARTHUR FERDINAND PLATT 49. Reg 11 August 1855 Aged 20

46) Platt Charles
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF CHARLES PLATT LATE STEWARD OF THE HAREM HOSPITAL
DIED 22ND MAY 1855 AGED 29 YEARS. PREPARE TO MEET THY GOD.

47) Proctor George Henry
S M REVD GEO HEN PROCTOR CHAPLAIN H.M.F, SON OF GEO PROCTOR RECTOR OF HADLEY DD
WHO DIED AT SCUTARI MARCH 10 1855 AGED 34 YEARS. HIS PARENTS
HAVE PLACED (Rest of upright stone buried in soil)

48) Reade G Hume   
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF STAFF SURGEON G. HUME READE WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE 28 NOVR 1854 AGED 61 YEARS
This Monument is erected By his afflicted Wife and Children

49) Seager Edward
Sacred TO THE MEMORY of OLIVIA ANN SEAGER THE BELOVED WIFE OF EDWARD SEAGER
                                -                              
DAUGHTER OF ROBERT PACK ESQ MERCHANT CARBONEAR. NFLD WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE AUGUST 7TH 1848 AGED 34
                                          -                                       _
ALSO TO THE ABOVE EDWARD SEAGER WHO DIED AT BALAKLAVA 6 November 1854

50) Sharp JB    
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF MAJOR j. B. SHARPE 20TH REGIMENT WHO DIED AT
SCUTARI 28TH DECR 1854 OF WOUNDS RECEIVED AT THE BATTLE OF INKERMAN
 
51) Simons R  
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF R. SIMONS AGE 22 AST. SURGEON
WHO DIED OF FEVER AT SCUTARI APRIL 28. 1855

52) Singer Henry Crofton
SACRED TO THE MEMORY of HENRY CROFTON SINGER. LIEUT AGED 26 YEARS WHO WAS KILLED
IN A COLLISION AT SEA OCTOBER 2 1854 ON HIS RETURN FROM CRIMEA, INVALIDATED.
THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED BY HIS FATHER JOSEPH HENDERSON SINGER BISHOP of MEATH

53) Smith H. E.  
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF CAPTAIN H E SMITH (OF THE SHIP CHALMERS) WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE 21ST JUNE 1855
AGED 51 YEARS – “THE LORD GAVE AND THE LORD HATH TAKEN AWAY BLESS BE THE NAME OF THE LORD”

54) Smyth Harry
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF LIEUT COLONEL HARRY SMYTH 68TH LIGHT INFANTRY WHO DIED AT SCUTARI
ON THE 28TH NOVEMBER 1854 OF A WOUND RECEIVED AT THE BATTLE OF INKERMANN

55) Somerville William
…..  WILLIAM SOMERVILLE ……  R.I. – Died at Scutari Sep 1855 aged 20.  ……..   Ilness was ………. In the ……….. before Sebastopol

56) Struthers Alexander
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF ASS SURGEON ALEXANDER STRUTHERS. M. D. DIED AT SCUTARI 20 JANUARY 1855

57) Thisfleth Arthur 
IN MEMORY OF CAPTAIN ARTHUR THISTLETH SCOTS FUSILIER GUARDS WHO EXPIRED
AT SCUTARI BARRACK HOSPITAL THE 26 OF NOVEMBER 1854 BELOVED AND RESPECTED
  
58) Towsend Henry  
ERECTED BY HIS BROTHER OFFICERS IN MEMORY OF CAPTAIN HENRY TOWNSEND
14TH Reg. who Died at Therapia 29 November 1855

59) Waldegrave  Frederick William
This tombstone is illegible

60) Walford Sophia   
Sophia Walford Matron Barrack hospital Scutari Entered into rest 30th Aug 1855 Aged 56 
She hath done what she could
 
61) Wall Terrence H 
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF TERENCE H. WALL ASS. SURGEON OF HMS LEOPARD DIED
AT CONSTANTINOPLE DECR 16-1855. A TRIBUTE OF FRIENDSHIP

62) Ward Lucas
Sacred to the Memory of LUCAS WARD ESQRE PURVEYOR TO THE FORCES WHO DIED AT SCUTARI JAN IST 1855 AFTER SERVING HIS COUNTRY 46 YEARS.
ALSO To the Memory of JANE WARD WIFE OF THE ABOVE WHO DIED AT THE SAME PLACE JAN 3RD 1855.
THIS MONUMENT WAS ERECTED BY THE MEMBERS OF HIS DEPARTMENT AS A TRIBUTE OF
ESTEEM AND RESPECT FOR AN OLD AND FAITHFUL PUBLIC OFFICER

63) Whilfeld  John Henry
Reverand Henry John Whilfeld June 18 1855

64) Wigh Henry Arthur
In Memory of Henry Arthur Wight, Esq, Lieu 6th Dragoon Guards. Eldest son of the late Arthur Wight, Esq, Major 23rd Reg BNS [?] of Braboeuf Manor near Guildford, Surrey. On his passage to England for the recovery of his health. He was too ill to proceed and he departed this life 23rd September 1855 aged 19 in Scutari Hospital. His loss is deeply lamented by his family and friends.

65) Wishart James A  
STAFF SURGEON DIED 25TH MAY 1855 AGED 33. WITH CHRIST WHICH IS FAR BETTER PHIL 1:23
THY BROTHER SHALL RISE AGAIN JOHN 11.23 – ERECTED BY HIS SISTER

66) Wolrice R George
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF GEORGE R. WOLRIGE R.N. WHO DIED AT BUYUKDERE WHILE IN COMMAND OF H.B.M. STEAM SLOOP INFLEXIBLE JULY 26 1855 – THIS MONUMENT WAS ERECTED BY THE CAPTAINS OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SQUADRON

 
































































 
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